When many Florida parents first interact with the child support system, they may feel like they are facing a tangle of confusing terminology and bureaucracy. There are different types of child support cases that can help to differentiate parents in a range of situations. It may be obvious that some people pay child support privately from one parent to another, while others use a state payments system in order to transfer funds. These differences can reflect the type of child support case that a particular family is dealing with.
The four types of child support cases are known as IV-D, IV-A, IV-E and non-IV-D, and the term "IV" refers to Title IV of the Social Security Act. This law governs the transfer of federal funds to the states for assistance to families with children. In IV-D cases, the custodial parent is assisted by the Office of Child Support Enforcement. This could be through establishing paternity or enforcing an existing child support order. On the other hand, IV-A cases involve parents who are receiving public assistance from the state, which seeks to recoup costs through child support. IV-E cases involve foster care or other relatives providing a home and caring for the child.
The majority of child support cases resulting from divorce are non-IV-D cases, in which the state is not involved and the parents handle child support payments privately. These can become IV-D cases if the non-custodial parent fails to pay child support.
Child support issues can be complex, especially when circumstances change and a non-custodial parent is no longer able to pay the initial support amount. If this circumstance arises, a non-custodial parent cannot just stop paying. Instead, a Venice, Florida, child support attorney can work with the parent to return to family court and seek a modification of the support order.