According to a new study, fathers in Florida and the rest of the nation who owe back child support tend to spend less time with their children. They also tend to work fewer weeks a year and have a greater chance of having children with more than one partner.

A total of $32.4 billion was paid through the federal Office of Child Support Enforcement in the 2015 fiscal year. The parents who do not live with their children are typically required to make payments to custodial parents.

Parents owing back child support may incur civil and criminal penalties, which can include the revocation, restriction or suspension of a driver’s license, recreational license or professional license. In 2016, the attorney general’s office in Texas started to block the renewal of vehicle registrations for delinquent parents.

The authors of the new study, which was published in the February edition of “Journal of Marriage and Family” obtained the data from a long-term survey of 4,897 urban families with children born between 1998 and 2000. The data focused on when the children were 9 years old.

The results of the study showed that delinquent fathers tended to see their children three fewer days a month. It also indicated that the father’s mental health, employment status and the quality of his relationship with the mother contributed to the link between reduced paternal participation and delinquent child support.

A child support attorney may work to ensure that their client receives the necessary child support. The attorney may request enforcement measures if the other party fails to pay the support on time.